Delaware Nation's History

Condensed Timeline

 

1778- The Delaware signed the first Indian treaty with the new United States

1793- Main body of the Delaware Tribe resides along the White River (present Indiana), another group crosses the Mississippi River into Spanish Missouri, receiving a land grant, near present Cape Girardeau, Missiouri

1818- White River Delaware were removed to SW Missiouri; the Cape Girardeau Delaware had already immigrated to N Arkansas

1820- Cape Girardeau Delaware became known as Absentee Delaware and entered Spanish Texas and received a land grant from Spanish authorities.

1829- Texas troops remove the twelve tribes from East lands, saying that the treaty of 1836 had never been ratified by the Texas Senate and was void. Cherokee War of East Texas ensued and most of the tribes were driven across the Red River. Some escape and settled near Eagle Pass in Mexico.

1836- Texas land grant encompassed a fifty square-mile area in East Texas when Sam Houston signed a treaty with the East Texas Cherokee's and affiliated tribes.

1838- 250 Delaware families reside in Nacogdoches Department of the Republic of Texas

1839- Brazos Reserve set aside for tribes who had resided in East Texas

1854-59- Brazos Reserve was short-lived. Texassettlers demand Indians be removed to Indian Territory, depredations being committed on the settlements.

1859- Tribes lost the Brazos Reserve lands, forced to flee for their lives across the Red River in August.

1859- Wichita Agency was established near present Ft. Cobb, included Absentee Delaware's.

1862- Civil War causes the Delaware's and other tribes to lose their lands.

 


 

Brief History of the Delaware Nation

 

The Delaware people have a long and ancient history. They are the descendents of the Lenape people originally located in New Jersey, New York, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. They refer to themselves as the Lenni-Lenape. Their language belongs to the Eastern branch of Algonquian languages and is closely related to east coast languages such as Powhatan, Mohican, and Massachusetts.

Traditional history of the Lenape people was recorded on notch sticks called the Walum-Olum. It dictates that by the time of European contact they were in the Eastern United States. A probably explanation to why other tribes called them the "Grandfathers."

 

 

Current Facts

 

The current headquarters are North of Anadarko, Oklahoma, which includes a museum/archive. Until 1960, the Delware's had no tribal lands, a once powerful tribe which controlled much of the land in Eastern United States and had been recipients of two large Spanish land grants, and one United States Indian Reservation. There were 980 enrolled members of the tribe residing in 25 states, with only five or six members who could still speak the Delaware language. Much of the Delaware's History and Culture had disappeared with the language; perhaps this was because of the successive removals endured by the tribe. Regardless tribal members are proud of their heritage and want to preserve as much of the culture as can be done; this is exhibited by the starting of the Delaware Nation NAGPRA/Cultural Preservation Office.
(Excerpts from the book Peacemakers on the Frontier by Duane Hale)


 

2008-2009 Delaware Nation Princess

Keri Kionute

 

 

 

2008-2009 Delaware Nation Director

Lauren Kionute

 

Delaware Nation Oklahoma
4/24/2014 12:16:58 AM
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We, the Delaware Nation, whose aboriginal name is Lenape or Lenni-Lenape, also known as the Grandfathers, is the oldest known Nation in the Northern Hemisphere, aboriginally inhabiting the Eastern Seaboard of North America, the first indigenous Nation to treat with the United States of America (September 17, 1778, 7 Statute 13: Brotherton Reservation), consummating a total of one (1) treaty with the United States of America and descending from the Cape Girardeau Spanish Land Grant Area, invoking the guidance of the Almighty Creator with faith in the purposes of our Supreme Being, with pride in our ancient heritage and with the determination to promote, through our united effort, the general well-being of our Nation and to secure unto our Nation and Nation’s descendants the rights, powers and privileges provided by the laws of the Delaware Nation and the laws of the United States of America.